One of the largest airports in the world
Barajas Terminal 4 (T4) is a large architectonic complex in which 26 airline companies are currently operating. It was designed by architects Antonio Lamela and Richard Rogers and has become one of the largest airport platforms in the world. It currently has six floors. Halls 10 and 11 are on the first floor; with 10 being international flight arrivals and 11 is for national arrivals.
The location of T4 is more than two kilometres from terminals T1, T2 and T3. AENA provides a free airport shuttle connection service between all the terminals. Furthermore, the two buildings making up Terminal 4, the main and satellite, which are separated by more than one kilometre and one of the runways lies between them, are communicated by a driverless electrical-pneumatic train running in an underground gallery.
The main goals of the NAT (New Area Terminal) Project include an innovating design that will last over time, in addition to modular construction development, flexibility for possible future expansion and the layout providing correct connection with the land transport network.
For this reason, the basic design principles behind this terminal comprise flexibility, clarity, natural light and a landscape concept that integrates various buildings. Among the NAT buildings, the NET (New Terminal Building) is noteworthy because its 40,000-square metre constructed surface and 1,142-metre length make it one of the largest buildings in Europe.Its area is equivalent to that of 5,000 medium-size dwellings or of a 1,000-square metre skyscraper with some 470 floors which, if executable, would exceed one kilometre in height. As relevant execution figures, it should be pointed out that excavation attained 3,000,000 cubic metres, 350,000 tonnes of ribbed steel were employed, together with 30,000 tonnes of rolled steel profiles for the structure.
- It occupies an area equivalent to that of 5,000 medium-size dwellings.
- It is currently providing services to over 35 million passengers a year.
- Its basic design principles are flexibility, clarity and natural light.
- Entre los numerosos premios recibidos destacar el Premio Stirling y Premio Internacional RIBA European Awards 2006, otorgados por el Royal Instituye of British Architects del Reino Unido.
Cost: 844.472093 M€
Client: Ministry of Development - AENA
Start date: June 2000
End date: December 2005