351 dwellings in the Villa Mediterránea in El Toyo, Almería

A tourist and leisure centre was constructed in El Toyo, also known as the Oasis de Alborán, in an area that is very close to the Cabo de Gata national park; it is of low density and some 80% of the land is made up of green belts.

The project was drawn up by the architects Margarita de Luxán, Ricardo Tendero and Pedro Nau and brought together energy, social, technical and informative criteria, together with sustainability cultural values that reflect the incipient inclusion of these criteria in the actual architecture.

It includes 351 bio-climatic dwellings, garages, lumber rooms and interior urban development. It is set in a rectangular plot having an area of 55,521 m2. 

The promotion consists of nineteen blocks of dwellings and common garages for every two blocks except for the last one. The dwellings are distributed into a basement, ground floor, first and second floors and roof attic.

The interior urban development includes two swimming pools, games court, paddle court, pedestrian crossings, gardening and perimeter fencing.

Because of the terrain geotechnics, some of the buildings required piling. The façade consists of brick cavity walls and interior partitions of various forms of brickwork. The inverted flat roofs have gravel or tiled finishes. Interior facing consists of plaster and cement mortar, with suspended plaster ceilings; single-layer, rough-rendered exteriors. The interior paving is top-quality stoneware, with outside terraces, stairways and roofs in rustic stoneware. The outside carpentry is light-coloured lacquered aluminium, forming sliding and tilting leaves.

The design takes into account the climate in the area and the dwellings incorporate solar and thermal panels and are fitted with modern automation system with fibre optics installations, all intended to save energy.

Remarkable aspects

  • This residential complex underwent the strictest quality assurance control by the International Olympic Committee and was selected as the official residence for the 2005 Mediterranean Games.
  • It was presented with the Foro Civitas Nova 2007 Award in the category of Architectonic Culture and Sustainable Urban Development.

Client: Almería Council

Start date: June 2001

End date: December 2004